AN ANALYSIS OF THE MORAL VALUE IN THE NOVEL “BUMI MANUSIA” BY PRAMOEDYA ANANTA TOER
The purposes of this study were 1) to find the moral values in Pramoedya Ananta Toer's novel and 2) to figure out how the author taught those moral values. The notion of structuralism was applied to literary works in this study. The sort of library research used in this study's investigation was a descriptive technique. To make sure there were no mistakes in the process of analyzing data, this study used qualitative analysis to look at data about the problem being studied. The findings of this study showed that: 1) moral values related to human relations with oneself (individual morals) included high fighting spirit, determination, and courage; 2) moral values related to human relations with others in the social environment (social morals) included counseling, loving others, and instructing; and 3) moral values related to human relations with God included being religious and being patient in facing the tests given by God 2) The author clearly communicated the value of courage in his novel "Bumi Manusia," which is an example of direct moral value transmission. b) By forbidding the consumption of pork, the author expressed Islam's appreciation for religious diversity in a plain manner. In the novel "Bumi Manusia" by Pramoedya Ananta Toer, the author attempted to describe the figure of someone who had a strong opinion but did not openly express it. This was an indirect way of transmitting moral ideals. If the readers read them carefully, they could be understood and interpreted indirectly in terms of these moral rules.